Encaustic cement tiles are made by hand, one at a time, using mineral pigments, cement, a mold, and a hydraulic press.
The pigment composition is a mixture of high quality white Portland cement, marble powder, fine sand, and natural mineral color pigments. The individual patterns are made by manually applying separate pigments, one by one, in a handmade copper mold. This incredibly delicate and skilled process can only be performed by highly trained artisans with many years of experience creating handmade encaustic cement tile.
Cement tiles are not fired; there is no glaze layer on the surface of the tile. They derive their durability from the combination of finely dehydrated cement and a more coarse sand/cement layer. The pigment layer is hydraulically pressed into the surface and becomes a part of the tile. The tiles are then soaked in a water bath for 24 hours and then set to dry for another seven days at the factory before they ship to our Los Angeles and Mississippi warehouses, where they are stored before shipping to our customers worldwide.