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HISTORY OF ZELLIGE
In 711 AD, the Moors introduced a variety of artistic techniques to Europe, which included a unique way of painting ceramic tiles called ‘Zellige’ that consisted of complex geometrical forms and patterns. This artful technique was highly developed during the Marinid dynasty.


During the 13th-15th century in Morocco, Zellige increasingly became a statement of sophistication and wealth, where you’ll find zellige adorning homes on floors, walls, ceilings, fountains, countertops, and often entire mosques. Maâlems (master craftsmen) have passed on the art of zellige making from generation to generation. To master these required skills, long training begins at childhood.


Today Zellige is still practiced, where each tile is laboriously baked, hand cut, glazed and kiln-fired by artisans just as they were over 1,000 years ago. The cities of Meknes and Fez in Morocco still remain the centers of this art.
HOW IT'S MADE

For zellige, the highest quality of clay must be used and is found in the Fez region of Morocco. Once found, in underground mines or open pits, this clay is soaked in water until it reaches a soft texture. The clay is then filtered by hand to extract impurities like rocks and branches. After filtering, a skilled craftsmen flattens the clay into square shapes by hand, ensuring it is compact and with no air bubbles in it. The square raw clay tiles are then sun-dried on a rooftop.

 

 

After the tiles are well dried, another skilled craftsmen applies the glaze colors by hand, one-by-one, to only one side of the tiles. Once dried, the tiles are meticulously stacked in a natural olive-pit fired kiln. In these traditional Moroccan kilns heat circulates unevenly, imbuing each handmade tile with its own unique tone, texture, and color. This perfect imperfection is what sets Moroccan zellige apart from every other tile on Earth.

 

 

Once fired, a skilled artisan will use a medieval tool called a ‘menkach’, a combination of an axe and hammer, to cut and shape each tile into the desired shape. This intricate process involves great patience and skill. The final result is Moroccan zellige tile with both tonal and size variation, along with small chips, pits and cracks that are to be cherished and celebrated.

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INSTALLATION

Always open several boxes at once and randomly mix zellige tiles with multiple tones and textures. Each hand-cut zellige tile is unique and contains subtle variation in both color tone and size. Crazing, pits, and small hairline cracks are common to zellige tile and are a part of their natural aesthetic.

 

Traditional zellige tile will have approximately 15-20% of these perfect imperfections. If a more uniform look is desired, we suggest increasing the order size by 20% to reduce the amount of variation during installation.

REQUIRED MATERIAL:

For placing the tiles:

  • – Sponge
  • – Bucket
  • – Wedge Spacers
  • – High quality medium-bed thin set mortar
  • – Trowel
  • – MapeiUltracolor Plus FA Grout
  • – Grout float
  • – Tile cutter and/or water-cooled tile saw with diamond edge blade

INSTALLATION:

Laying zellige tiles:

  1. The surface should be well prepared and leveled before placing the zellige.
  2. Soak in water for 1-2 minutes to ensure tiles properly adhere to tiling surface.
  3. Evenly apply a layer of thin set to the tiling surface.
  4. Butter the back of each tile with another layer of thinset.
  5. Place tiles one by one into wall adhesive.

Zellige tile can be spaced in several ways based on design preference. The traditional (and recommended) method for installation does not use grout joints; tiles are instead laid edge to edge.

Zellige tiles can be easily cut as needed with a traditional tile cutter and snapped apart. A diamond disc can be used for more exact cuts and mitered edges. Wedge spacers may be needed in areas to align naturally uneven edges. Grout open, uneven edges or gaps where they appear.

Grout specifications:

  1. Once the tiles are placed, spread grout with a rubber spatula, filling all spaces and gaps between the tiles and any surface pits, chips and cracks. The preferred grout specification is Mapei Ultracolor Plus FA grout. Unglazed zellige requires MapeiFlexcolor CQ grout.
  2. The grout color should be matched as closely as possible to the color of the tile.
  3. After a brief drying, carefully remove the excess grout with a damp sponge.
  4. Polish the tiles afterward to remove any remaining grout film.
  5. All grout should be sealed after installation.
  6. Zellige is a glazed terracotta that does not need to be sealed. For Unglazed Natural Zellige ONLY we recommend using a penetrating sealer to protect the tile as unglazed terracotta is porous and absorbent.

Zellige on floors:

2×6 glazed zellige are the preferred size and shape for floor installations. All unglazed zellige shapes can be used in floor applications due to their higher COF. Particular attention should be paid to the application of the adhesive on the floor and back of the tiles to ensure perfect bonding between the tiles and concrete slab.

Zellige in showers and swimming pools:

Zellige tiles are commonly used in pools, shower walls, fountains, spas, and bathrooms. Ensure that the surface of each area is stable and waterproof prior to starting the installation. Use adhesive cement and grout appropriate for use in wet areas.



The guidelines above are for directional use only. Each customer is responsible for hiring a skilled installer that has both experience and expertise in installing cement tiles. Zia Tile is not responsible for installing, ongoing care, or problems arising from any orders after receipt of product.
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CARE & MAINTENANCE

Zellige tiles are glazed and therefore do not require sealing, as they are protected from water and staining. Mix the tones and shades from different cartons to achieve harmony within the color hues and surface variations. Evenly apply flexible adhesive for ceramics on a well prepared and level surface and also on the back of the tile. For surfaces in direct contact with water - bathroom showers, pools, fountains, etc. please ensure the base surface is waterproofed before installing zellige tiles. For the 4x4” no grout line is needed (place edge to edge), but we recommend that seams, chips and pits are hand grouted with a very liquid joint cement in a neutral or matching glaze color. After drying, remove excess cement with a damp sponge & remove any remaining blemishes as soon as possible by hand. For on-going cleaning, simply use mild soap or a neutral pH cleaner.

ORDERING AND SHIPPING

We’ll ship tile anywhere that FedEx, UPS, DHL, and any LTL carrier can reach! If you live in Alaska, Hawaii, Canada, or a country outside of the United States, please email or call us for a custom freight quote.

 

 

All normal tile orders will deliver using LTL carrier service. The LTL trucking company that is contracted to deliver your order will contact you to arrange a specific date and time for curbside delivery. The freight company is your resource if you have special requests such as inside delivery, lift gate, pallet jack, or if you need to change the date and/or time of your delivery.

 

 

During delivery, all customers are responsible for inspecting the shipment for shortages or damages against the packing slip and noting those damages with the driver on the Bill of Lading. Any issues with the delivery must be photographed and noted with the delivery driver on the shipping documentation in order to initiate a claim. The claims agents for the shipping company will request photos and written documentation to process the claim. Please take the time to ensure that this is done effectively during delivery in order to avoid any costs associated with replacement material for your order. Ensure that you have someone on-site to accept your delivery as any missed deliveries or delivery refusals will result in storage and redelivery fees to the trucking company.

 

 

Contact us within 48 hours after your delivery and we will work to replace any items damaged in transit as quickly as possible!

 

The Successful Delivery Checklist:

  1. Check all items against packing list during the delivery
  2. Take photos and note any damage with the delivery driver on the BOL
  3. Contact us immediately if needed

ORDERING SAMPLES

We offer all customers the option to order any of the tile patterns through our website. All sample orders are limited to up to 4 per tile design, and customers may order a sample of as many different tile designs as desired. We make every effort to ship all samples within the same shipment, but some samples may ship separately if specific samples are out of stock at the time the order is placed. Samples are $3 each and shipping is $10 for every 3 tiles shipped.  Our samples ship via FedEx, UPS, or USPS ground within business days of order receipt.  For questions regarding samples, please email info@ziatile.com.

Terms of Sale

PRODUCT –

All tiles are hand made with inherit variation from tile to tile. These standard characteristics enhance the beauty and wear-ability of the product. Understanding how tile colors are achieved and wear over time is critical to appreciating the beauty and performance of the tile. All customers are responsible for sealing and protecting cement tile ordered from Zia Tile to ensure that these tiles are maintained correctly. Zia Tile is always here to advise on how and where to successfully install cement tiles but makes no guarantees on performance or maintenance after installation.

ORDERING and LEAD TIMES –

In stock tile orders ship within 2 business days of order receipt. Custom design order lead times vary depending on the design and schedule needs of clients. Rush orders are possible and Zia Tile will advise of shipment dates as they are available. We will make every effort to meet or reduce lead times where possible but there are no guarantees due to the custom nature of the manufacturing process. All customers are solely responsible for providing measurements and quantities needed for each order. In addition, all customers are strongly advised to order 15% more tile than necessary to ensure that enough product is on-hand to successfully complete installation. Please consult your tile installer to ensure that your take-off quantity and overage calculations are correct.

Keep in mind that the price of the overage quantity is minimal in comparison to the cost of rush product and one-off shipping in the event that more product is needed after the original order due to site conditions, mistakes in order quantities, or installation errors. Trying to save a few hundred dollars by decreasing or eliminating the standard 15% overage is the most common mistake customers make when placing orders. This mistake can end up costing 5-10 times more to place small incremental orders AND significantly delay projects by weeks or months! Our website automatically generates a 15% overage calculation by separate line item in the ordering cart. We cannot advise strongly enough to ensure that you have 15% overage on all of your orders to ensure your project is successful!

PAYMENTS, TAXES, AND REFUNDS –

All completed orders require 100% payment at time of order. Payments are processed online or via phone. Invoices are provided and copies are sent via email as well as available by accessing the Sign In function on our website. Sales tax is applied at the time of payment and paid as part of the original order. Shipping costs are charged with each order. Any changes to orders, shipping dates, and/or shipping methods will result in change order costs that will be determined at the time of the change request.

All Sales Are Final –

Zia Tile does not accept any returns of unopened boxes of tile.

SHIPPING –

All of our orders ship throughout the US and Canada using LTL trucking providers. The LTL trucking company that is contracted to deliver your order will contact you to arrange a specific date and time for curbside delivery. Customers should contact the freight company or Zia Tile for special requests such as inside delivery, lift gate, pallet jack, or if it is necessary to change the date and/or time of your delivery.

During delivery, all customers are responsible for inspecting the shipment for shortages or damages against the packing slip and noting those damages with the driver on the Bill of Lading. Any issues with the delivery must be photographed and noted with the delivery driver on the shipping documentation in order to initiate a claim. The claims agents for the shipping company will request photos and written documentation to process the claim. Please take extra time to ensure that this is done effectively during delivery in order to avoid any costs associated with replacement material for your order. Any missed deliveries or delivery refusals will result in storage and redelivery fees paid to the trucking company.

 

If there are any issues, please contact Zia Tile as soon as possible but no more than 48 hours after delivery and we will work to replace any items damaged in transit as quickly as possible!

The Successful Delivery Checklist:

  1. Check all items against packing list during the delivery
  2. Take photos and note any damage with the delivery driver on the BOL
  3. Contact us immediately if needed!

INSTALLATION, CARE, AND MAINTENANCE –

Zia Tile strongly recommends that all customers heavily leverage a tile installer in the up front planning, measuring, ordering, sealing, and maintenance of cement tile, zellige, or ceramic products. Leveraging an installer with specific experience and expertise will ensure that projects are completed successfully. Zia Tile is not responsible for installation, on-going care, or problems arising from any orders after receipt of the product.

 

Recommended Cleaning Products:

General cleaning  – Always use pH neutral cleaners such as Miracle Tile and Stone Cleaner.

Heavy cleaning and stain removal – use Miracle Heavy Duty Cleaner (Acid Substitute) and follow instructions on label.

STORAGE –

Our supply chain is lean, which is why we are able to price our tiles approximately 30% cheaper than other suppliers. We will warehouse your product free of charge for 4 weeks. After that time has expired, each order that is held due to customer receiving delays will incur a $300 charge per week.



All customers acknowledge and accept the terms and conditions of sale outlined above by placing orders.

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